Investigating the Role of the Relationship between the Quality of Parent-Child Relationship in Social Anxiety of Female high School Students in Tehran

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 MA of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, Saveh Branch, Saveh, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Management, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University of Saveh Branch, Saveh, Iran.

3 M.Sc. of General Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

Objective Given that social anxiety is a high prevalence disorder that affects the social functioning of individuals and one of its essential consequences in children and adolescents is a severe school dropout. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the quality of parent-child relationship in social anxiety of female high school students in the fifth district of Tehran.
Methods  The present research method was descriptive-correlational and its statistical population included all-female high school students in the fifth district of Tehran. From this number, a sample of 348 people was selected by the available sampling method based on the Morgan table. Leibwitz (1987) and Pianta (1994) Parent-Child Relationship Scale were used to collect data and Pearson correlation coefficient was used to analyze the data.
Results The results showed that there is a significant negative correlation between the parent-child relationship and social anxiety (P <0.01).
Conclusion  Finally, considering the quality of the parent-child relationship in predicting social anxiety, the development of any program to improve the quality of the parent-child relationship can lead to the prevention or reduction of social anxiety in adolescents.

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