Document Type : Original Article
MSc. Clinical Psychology, Azad University, Ahvaz Research Sciences Branch, Ahvaz, Iran.
Ph.D. Student in Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
MSc General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Payame Noor University of Ardabil, Ardabil, Iran
MSc. Exceptional Children Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
MSc. Clinical Psychology, Kermanshah University, Kermanshah Research Sciences Branch, Kermanshah, Iran
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the life satisfaction and hoping in mothers of children with special learning disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, and normal.
Methods: The present research method was causal-comparative. The statistical population of was mothers of fifth and sixth-grade children in the north of Tehran, whose children, according to expert diagnosis, had a special learning disability and autism spectrum disorder, and mothers were selected from a normal group too. Finally, the sample of 90 people (30 people in each group) was selected by non-probabilistic and purposeful sampling method. The tools used were Snyder's Hoping Scale and Huebner's Life Satisfaction Multidimensional Scale.
Results: The results showed that the mean score of hoping in mothers with autistic children was lower than that of mothers with disability and normal children (p<0.01), and the mean life satisfaction score of mothers with normal children was higher than that of mothers with autism children (p<0.01). Also, the mean score of hoping and life satisfaction of mothers with specific learning disability children was more than mothers with autism children (p<0.01).
Conclusion: The relatively low level of hoping and life satisfaction in mothers of children with autism spectrum need more attention and arrangements which is very important for their psycho-social empowerment