The Role of Family Communication Patterns and Parenting Styles in the Self-Esteem of Students with Learning Disabilities

Document Type : Original Article


1 Expert of Ardabil Education Department, Ardabil, Iran.ran.

2 Master student, General Psychology, Zanjan University, Iran.


Objective  The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of family communication patterns and parenting style in the self-esteem of secondary school students with learning disabilities in Ardabi  in the year 2021.
Methods  The present study is a descriptive-correlational study. The instruments of this study include the  Revised Family Communication Patterns Questionnaire (2004), Baumrind Parenting Questionnaire 1973.Cooper-Smith Self-Esteem Questionnaire (1967). These questionnaires were administered to 200 adolescents with learning disabilities. Finally, the collected data were statistically analyzed through the implementation of questionnaires.
Results   The results show that the effect of communication patterns and parenting styles in explaining self-esteem is significant. Multiple regression results also showed parenting styles have the power to explain the variable of self-esteem more than communication patterns; Therefore, the best predictor of self-esteem is parenting style.
Conclusion    There is a direct and significant relationship between communication patterns and parenting styles with the self-esteem of adolescents with learning disabilities.


Volume 1, Issue 2
September 2021
Pages 17-27
  • Receive Date: 14 July 2021
  • Revise Date: 17 September 2021
  • Accept Date: 10 September 2021
  • First Publish Date: 10 September 2021