Developing a Model for Explaining the Role of Effective Factors in Reducing Family Conflicts and each Factor's Contribution to Psychological and Social Harms Prevention

Document Type : Original Article


Ph.D. student of Educational Psychology، Islamic Azad University of Ardabil.


Objective This study aimed at developing a model which illustrates the role of communication and problem solving skills in preventing social and psychological harms mediated by family conflicts.
Methods  The research pursued the descriptive- correlational method and it was carried out in Ardabil city and in 2020. The statistical population of the research was all married people in Ardabil, from which, according to Morgan’s table, 400 families were selected using Quota- Cluster sampling. The instruments used in the research included: Revised questionnaire of Marital Conflicts by Sanaei et al, Couple Communication Skills Scale questionnaire, Cassidy and Long Problem Solving Skill questionnaire, Minnesota Multidimensional Personality questionnaire and questionnaire of assessing Attitudes towards Social Harms.
Results  The findings of the present study suggest that communication skills and constructive style of problem- solving serve a role in reducing psychological harm. Moreover, communication skills and constructive problem solving negatively affect individuals’ attitudes towards social harms.
Conclusion   Eventually, the more family conflicts, the more psychological harms and the more positive become the attitude towards social harms.


Volume 1, Issue 2
September 2021
Pages 45-49
  • Receive Date: 31 July 2021
  • Revise Date: 17 September 2021
  • Accept Date: 25 September 2021
  • First Publish Date: 25 September 2021