Developing a Model of Coping with the Maternal Stress based on Coping Strategies of Satisfied Women: A Grounded Theory Approach

Document Type : Original Article


1 Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

2 Counseling student of Allameh Tabatabai University Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

3 3. Associate Professor, College of Psychology, Department of Counseling, Allameh Tabataba’i University

4 Associate Professor, Department of Assessment and Measurement, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran



The present qualitative study was based on a grounded theory approach. The population included women (living in Tehran in 2021), who were satisfied with their lives and had at least one 6-year old child. After the initial investigation, from among 51 women, 11 women whose level of satisfaction with life was above the mean were selected through purposive sampling method. The research instrument included Diener's (1985)Satisfaction with Life scale and semi-structured interviews. The data obtained from the interview were analyzed through Strauss and Corbin’s method.
Results: The qualitative analysis of the interviews showed that satisfied women used strategies, such as preventing the spread of the problem, changing the situation, self-empowerment in processing negative emotions, communication activism, educational activism, conscious problem solving, and seeking professional help to deal with their maternal stress. The central factors included not giving up solving the problem and activism to solve it. The underlying factors included agreement or disagreement in spouses' training methods, dynamism and activism, modeling and gaining experience, persistence and perseverance, feeling self-inefficiency in training, realism/ perfectionism, mother's independent personality/ feeling lonely, and living in the present time/ worrying about the future.


  • Receive Date: 10 November 2022
  • Revise Date: 16 November 2022
  • Accept Date: 20 November 2022
  • First Publish Date: 20 November 2022