Casual Modeling of Resilience based on Basic Psychological Needs with the Mediating Role of Attachment Styles in Students from Single-parent Families

Document Type : Original Article


1 Assistant professor, Department of Counseling, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

2 Assistant professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shahid Madani University of Azerbaijan, Tabriz, Iran

3 .A of Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University Ardabil branch. Aradabil, Iran

4 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Payam Noor University, Ardabil, Iran


Objective: This research was conducted with the aim of causal modeling of resilience based on basic psychological needs with the mediation of attachment styles in students from single-parent families.
Methods:  The current research was carried out through the descriptive-correlation method (path analysis). The statistical population included all students studying in Mohaghegh Ardabili University in the first half of the 2018-2019 academic year. Among them, 170 people were selected using the available sampling method and answered the Basic Psychological Needs questionnaire of Ryan et al. (2000), Hazen et al.'s Attachment Styles (1987), and Connor et al.'s Resilience (2003). The obtained data were analyzed using structural equation modeling by smart pls3 software.
Results: The results showed that basic psychological needs had a direct and significant effect on resilience, and the indirect effect of basic psychological needs through the mediation of attachment styles was confirmed. The results of regression analysis showed that the predictive variables predicted about 30 % of the resilience variation.
Conclusion: It is suggested that experts in the field of mental health use the findings of the present study in the framework of their educational and intervention programs, especially in working with children of single-parent families.


  • Receive Date: 22 January 2023
  • Revise Date: 09 February 2023
  • Accept Date: 05 April 2023
  • First Publish Date: 05 April 2023