The Role of Listening Style and Negative Meta Emotion in Marital Dissatisfaction of Women with Anxiety Attachment

Document Type : Original Article


1 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Payme Noor University, Tehran, Iran

2 M.A in Psychology, Department of Psychology, Payme Noor University, Tehran, Iran

3 MA in Psychology, Department of Psychology, Payme Noor University, Tehran, Iran


Objective: Research was conducted with the aim of investigating the role of listening-style and negative meta-emotion in marital dissatisfaction of women with anxiety-attachment.
Methods: The research was done by descriptive-correlation method. The statistical population included all married women between the ages 20 -50, in Herris-city of East-Azarbayjan in the 2021. Among them, 150 people with high anxiety-attachment were selected using the available sampling method and filled out Doel Listening-style-questionnaire (1997), Negative Meta-Emotion-questionnaire by Mittmansgraber et al.(2009), and Glumbeck-Rust Marital-questionnaire (1987),also the Bernan-et al. Experience in Relationships were used. Pearson correlation and multiple Regression analysis were used.
Results: The study results indicated that there was a significant negative relationship between couple`s comprehension listening-style with marital dissatisfaction in anxious attached women and a positive relation between responsive style and negative emotion. regression analysis showed 62% of the variance of marital disturbance in women with anxiety-attachment is explained by negative variables of couple`s listening-style and negative emotions.
Conclusion: Considering that the sense of secure attachment facilitates use of secure emotion regulation strategies and constructive listening. These skills reduce tension, maintain satisfying intimate relationships and increase personal adaptability through constructive and realistic efforts. Therefore, these are an important factor in establishing successful interpersonal relationships.