Predictors of Loneliness in Girls: Perceived Parenting Styles and Parent-Child Conflict Resolution Tactics

Document Type : Original Article


1 Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences. , Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Educational Psychology Counseling, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


Objective: present study aimed to predict loneliness based on the perceived parenting styles and parent-child conflict resolution tactics in adolescent girls.

Method:The research had a descriptive-correlational method. The research participants included girls aged 14 to 18 in the lower and upper secondary schools of the east of Tehran in the academic year of 2021-2022. A total of 267 samples were selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. The participants responded to the Loneliness Scale (UCLA) by Russell (1996), Parental Authority Questionnaire (PAQ) by Buri (1991), and Parent-Child Conflict Scale by Fine, Moreland & Schwebel (1983).

Result: Based on the data analysis results, authoritative parenting style(R=-.341) at the level (p <.01). inversely and authoritarian parenting style directly (R=.339) at the level (p <.01) predicted loneliness. Among conflict resolution tactics, reasoning inversely(R=-.180) at the level (p <.01) and verbal aggression (R=.359) at the level (p <.01) and physical aggression (R=.223) at the level (p <.01) directly predicted loneliness. the perceived parenting style and parent-child conflict resolution tactics greatly affected loneliness in adolescent girls.

Conclusion: Teaching authoritative parenting style and conflict resolution tactics prevented loneliness.Meanwhile, the development of interventions and ensuring parental participation had a significant effect on the reduction and prevention of loneliness